Safeguard D Detail

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REDD+ relevant stakeholders in Viet Nam have been identified in a number of ways: through the country’s sectoral legislation (such as laws on forest and biodiversity); through stakeholder analyses undertaken while developing Viet Nam’s Readiness Preparation Proposal for the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and for the National REDD+ Programme process (by the UN-REDD Programme).

Stakeholder analysis carried out through desk research, and workshops and interviews in 2014, based on the principles of participatory governance, examined the interests and influence of stakeholders involved in the National REDD+ Programme and Provincial REDD+ Action Plan processes, and made recommendations for stakeholder engagement for the implementation of these plans[1].


[1] UN-REDD Programme (2014) Stakeholder Analysis and Stakeholder Engagement for the Implementation of National REDD Action Plan in Viet Nam.


The following main categories of REDD+ stakeholders have been identified in Viet Nam:

  • Elected governing bodies, including the National Assembly and the People’s Councils at provincial, district and commune levels, and relevant committees of these bodies such as the Ethnic Council of the National Assembly and the Committee on Science, Technology and the Environment of the National Assembly.                                                                 
  • The central government and its ministries and ministry-level bodies, including the Prime Minister and the Office of Government, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Planning and Investment, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, the State Bank of Viet Nam, the Committee on Ethnic Minority Affairs, and other related sectoral ministries and ministry-level bodies, and their specialised agencies and units.
  • People’s Committees at provincial, district and commune levels, and their relevant sectoral agencies and personnel, such as the specialised agencies for forest protection and development at provincial and district levels and forestry officers at the commune level.
  • Forest owners[1] including:
    • Management boards for protection forests and special-use forests assigned to manage forests or land assigned by the state for forest development.
    • Economic organisations (including publicly- and privately-owned enterprises) which are assigned or leased forests or land by the State for forest development or which have their forest use rights and ownership right over planted production forests recognized by the State or which are transferred with such rights.
    • Domestic households and individuals that are assigned or leased forests or land by the State for forest development or that have their forest use rights and ownership right over planted production forests recognized by the State or have such rights transferred to them.
    • People’s armed force units which are assigned forests or land by the State for forest development.
    • Organisations involved in forestry-related scientific research and technological development, training or vocational training, which are assigned forests or land by the State for forest development.
    • Overseas Vietnamese investing in Viet Nam and assigned or leased forests or land by the State for forest development.
    • Foreign organisations and individuals investing in Viet Nam and leased forests or land by the State for forest development.
  • Local communities with allocated or contracted forests[2].
  • Entities required to pay for, and those entitled to enjoy payment from, forest environment services[3], including forest owners as identified above under points (iv) and (v) above, as well as organisations, households, individuals and village communities that have concluded contracts on stable and permanent forest protection with forest owners that are state organisations.
  • Poor ethnic minority and ethnic majority households living in communes with difficult socio-economic conditions in ethnic and mountainous areas, implementing one of the activities for protection and development of forests: protection and regeneration of natural forests; afforestation, non-timber forest products on land planned for forest development and allocated by the State for forest protection on contracts[4].
  • Management units and organisations assigned to manage conservation areas[5].                                                                  
  • Local communities, households and individuals living in or near forest protected areas and buffer zones.
  • Social and professional organisations, including nationwide associations with chapters from central to local levels representing women, farmers, war veterans and young people, as well as unions, associations, networks and organisations at the national and local levels focused on science, technology, poverty reduction, sustainable development and other relevant sectors and areas.
  • Stakeholders related to the target of value-added, sustainable and deforestation-free production of coffee, rubber, shrimp, cassava, pepper, and other related agriculture and aquaculture commodities, including:
    • State-owned, private sector and smallholder commodity producers and other stakeholders within the value chains for these commodities;
    • Business associations and related entities such as the Vietnamese Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), the Viet Nam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP), the Viet Nam Coffee and Cocoa Association (VICOFA), the Viet Nam Rubber Association, and the Viet Nam Coffee Coordination Board (VCCB).
  • Financial institutions, State funds and financial service providers providing credit and other financial services contributing to an enhanced financial and economic environment for forests.
  • The media, in relation to transparency and provision of information about REDD+.


[1] The Law on Forest Protection and Development (2004), Article 5. Note that the Law on Forestry (2017, effective from 1 January 2019), Article 8, includes “local communities” as a category of forest owners. The category of “overseas Vietnamese investing in Viet Nam” is no longer be included in the list of categories of forest owners in the new Law.

[2] The Law on Forest Protection and Development (2004), Article 3 and Section 3.

[3] Government Decree No. 99/2010/ND-CP, Article 8.

[4] Government Decree No. 75/2015/ND-CP, Article 2.

[5] According to the Law on Biodiversity (2008).