Safeguard C Detail

Content with tag respect times .


Viet Nam’s 5th National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity (covering the period 2009-2013)[1] reports on efforts to preserve indigenous knowledge, innovations and practices and to ensure equitable sharing of benefits from genetic resources:

  • National research institutes have investigated and assisted in further development of indigenous knowledge of mountainous ethnic communities related to natural resource protection and utilisation, including documenting medicinal plants and traditional remedies of Dao, Nung, Tay, and Hmong ethnic minority populations.
  • Some traditional practices such as protecting sacred forests and watersheds are maintained and developed by local authorities. Several traditional festivals like Cau ngu (praying for fish) in coastal communities are still organised every year.
  • The previous National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan included efforts to ensure community rights and participation in protected area management. Government sectoral development strategies and projects have also recognised the importance of equal sharing of benefits from biodiversity resources and ecological services. In the national programmes No. 327 and No. 661 on reforestation, local people have been allocated land, forests, and water to manage and utilize for production.

 

Viet Nam’s specific targets for 2009-2013, related to sustainable use and equitable sharing benefits from ecosystems, species and genetic resources, are shown below:

Criteria

    
Implementing agency

2010 2015 2020 Evaluation method
Degraded ecosystems restored MARD No data --- At least 15% up compared with to 2010

By statistics

Valuable wildlife are bred MARD ---

15% up compared with to 2010

30% up compared with to 2010

By statistics

Valuable wildlife are bred MARD

10 PAs

 10% up

 50% up

---

 

[1] MONRE (2014) Viet Nam’s Fifth National Report to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. Reporting period: 2009-2013. https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/vn/vn-nr-05-en.pdf


The following information shows the status and trends in a number of indicators related to ownership and rights to land and forest resources for local communities and ethnic minorities nationally. These trends highlight overall progress in land and forest rights for these stakeholder groups.

Number and proportion of ethnic minority households lacking land, 2015

Administrative units

Number of ethnic minority households lacking residential land

Number of ethnic minority households lacking productive land

Percentage of ethnic minority households lacking residential land

Percentage of ethnic minority households lacking productive land

All communes of ethnic minorities nationwide

80960

221754

2.74

7.49

Forested provinces/metropolitan areas

Hà Nội

202

789

1.55

6.06

Hà Giang

2186

8309

1.49

5.67

Cao Bằng

342

4380

0.28

3.63

Bắc Kạn

354

2554

0.51

3.67

Tuyên Quang

1039

4440

1.02

4.35

Lào Cai

1005

4784

1.1

5.25

Ðiện Biên

1966

4939

2.16

5.41

Lai Châu

974

2653

1.35

3.69

Sõn La

1475

7482

0.68

3.47

Yên Bái

3631

8215

3.7

8.37

Hoà Bình

3613

11800

2.43

7.93

Thái Nguyên

1684

10749

2

12.74

Lạng Sõn

301

3440

0.2

2.24

Quảng Ninh

1281

1984

4.06

6.29

Bắc Giang

188

2702

0.35

5.07

Phú Thọ

2606

4845

4.46

8.29

Vĩnh Phúc

167

3530

1.4

29.59

Ninh Bình

956

578

13.84

8.37

Thanh Hoá

6063

19995

3.89

12.83

Nghệ An

3730

14330

3.55

13.66

Hà Tĩnh

80

164

23.6

48.38

Quảng Bình

256

1052

4.78

19.65

Quảng Trị

1680

2459

10.15

14.86

Thừa Thiên Huế

1230

1775

10.03

14.47

Quảng Nam

3854

4078

12.74

13.48

Quảng Ngãi

4207

3996

8.8

8.36

Bình Định

1142

2286

12.09

24.21

Phú Yên

1041

2105

7.97

16.12

Khánh Hoà

713

1585

4.95

11

Ninh Thuận

3785

7856

11.43

23.72

Bình Thuận

1868

3075

8.92

14.69

Kon Tum

2149

6260

3.57

10.4

Gia Lai

2795

6351

2.13

4.85

Đắk Lắk

7094

12492

5.25

9.25

Đắk Nông

1168

2385

3.03

6.18

Lâm Đồng

2640

4518

3.9

6.68

Bình Phước

1467

3356

3.61

8.27

Tây Ninh

173

442

6.15

15.71

Bình Dương

2

74

0.02

0.6

Đồng Nai

716

2175

2.04

6.19

Bà Rịa - Vũng Tàu

851

1050

22.93

28.29

Hồ Chí Minh

0

0

0

0

Trà Vinh

843

3949

0.98

4.58

An Giang

649

3555

2.48

13.59

Kiên Giang

1106

3561

2.01

6.48

Hậu Giang

244

540

4.62

10.22

Sóc Trãng

3084

12612

2.71

11.06

Bạc Liêu

627

1364

3.56

7.74

Cà Mau

521

1556

9.95

29.73

Non-forested provinces/metropolitan areas

Vĩnh Long

47

990

0.75

15.74

Cần Thơ

1165

1595

12.91

17.67

 

 


The following information shows the status and trends in a number of indicators related to access forest resources for local communities and ethnic minorities nationally. These include the levels of timber harvesting by collectives and households, as well as figures related to bamboo and other non-timber forest products, and agricultural and forestry processing in ethnic minority areas. See also:

Number of agricultural and forestry processing enterprises in ethnic minority communes, 2015[1]

Administrative units

Total number of agricultural & forestry processing enterprises

Number of agricultural product processing enterprises

Number of forest product processing enterprises

All communes of ethnic minorities nationwide

18474

11370

7104

Forested provinces/metropolitan areas

Hà Nội

96

62

34

Hà Giang

349

193

156

Cao Bằng

71

20

51

Bắc Kạn

299

131

168

Tuyên Quang

484

207

277

Lào Cai

131

53

78

Điện Biên

189

147

42

Lai Châu

732

37

695

Sơn La

297

221

76

Yên Bái

1253

880

373

Hoà Bình

335

168

167

Thái Nguyên

1804

722

1082

Lạng Sơn

89

22

67

Quảng Ninh

136

34

102

Bắc Giang

84

15

69

Phú Thọ

84

31

53

Vĩnh Phúc

61

19

42

Ninh Bình

222

176

46

Thanh Hoá

365

89

276

Nghệ An

3248

2349

899

Hà Tĩnh

31

12

19

Quảng Bình

15

10

5

Quảng Trị

21

13

8

Thừa Thiên Huế

36

22

14

Quảng Nam

36

2

34

Quảng Ngãi

40

1

39

Bình Định

111

101

10

Phú Yên

79

6

73

Khánh Hoà

88

67

21

Ninh Thuận

49

20

29

Bình Thuận

232

117

115

Kon Tum

476

338

138

Gia Lai

351

249

102

Đắk Lắk

599

382

217

Đắk Nông

482

342

140

Lâm Đồng

923

667

256

Bình Phước

595

468

127

Tây Ninh

62

47

15

Bình Dương

284

72

212

Đồng Nai

343

150

193

Bà Rịa - Vũng Tàu

49

15

34

Hồ Chí Minh

31

12

19

Trà Vinh

890

798

92

An Giang

781

699

82

Kiên Giang

1110

843

267

Hậu Giang

41

30

11

Sóc Trăng

154

144

10

Bạc Liêu

56

54

2

Cà Mau

138

74

64

Non-forested provinces/metropolitan areas

Vĩnh Long

19

17

2

Cần Thơ

23

22

1

 

[1] Committee for Ethnic Minority Affairs. 2016. Results of the survey on socio-economic situation of 53 ethnic minorities in 2015. http://cema.gov.vn/ket-qua-dieu-tra-thuc-trang-kt-xh-53-dan-toc-thieu-so-nam-2015.htm