Safeguard A Detail

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  • To establish, manage, protect, develop and sustainably use 16.24 million ha of land planned for forestry, and to increase the percentage of forested land to 42-43% in 2010 and to 47% in 2020;
  • To ensure the wider participation of various economic sectors and social organisations in forestry development in order to increase their contribution to socio-economic development, protection of the ecological environment, conservation of biodiversity, provision of ecosystem services, reducing poverty and improving living standards for rural people in mountainous areas and contributing to national defence and security.

  • To properly protect existing forest areas; to effectively and sustainably use forest resources and planned forestry land;
  • To raise forest cover to 42-43% by 2015 and 44-45% by 2020; to increase forest yield, quality and value; to restructure the forestry sector toward raising its added value; to basically meet domestic and export demands for timber and forest products;
  • To generate more jobs and raise incomes for people whose lives depend on forestry, contributing to eradicating hunger, reducing poverty and maintaining security and defence.

  • To improve the productivity, quality and value of each type of forest, increasing the value of production forest per area unit; to contribute fulfilling the requirements for disaster mitigation, protection of the ecological environment, and responding to climate change and sea level rise; to create jobs, raise incomes, and support hunger eradication and poverty reduction, improving the livelihoods of people earning a living from forests in association with the process of building new rural areas, ensuring security, defence, order and social security.
  • To increase the value of forestry production from 5.5% to 6% per year, reach national forest cover of 42%, and increase the value of timber and forest exports to US$8-8.5 billion, maintaining 25 million jobs.

The overall goal of the National REDD+ Programme is to: Contribute to protecting and improving the quality of the existing natural forests, expanding the forest area and improving the quality of plantation forests; linking with the implementation of national goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, forest protection and development, green growth; mobilising international support, getting access to carbon markets; and improving people's lives and the country's sustainable development.

The National REDD+ Programme’s specific objectives are:

For the period 2017-2020:

  • Contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions through REDD+ activities; expand the forest cover to 42% and reach 14.4 million hectares of forest by 2020;
  • Meet the requirements of REDD+ readiness, ensuring there is capacity to access financial resources for results-based payments as per international requirements;
  • Improve the quality of natural forests and planted forests to increase carbon stock and environmental forest services; replicate effective models of forest plantation; sustainable management, protection and conservation of natural forests;
  • Contribute to improve forest governance, create jobs, improve the living conditions of the people associated with the New Rural Programme and ensure security and national defence.

For the period 2021-2030:

  • Stabilise the natural forest area by 2030 at least at the same level as 2020, and increase forest cover up to 45% of national territory, contributing to realise the national target of reducing total greenhouse gas emissions by 8% by 2030 compared with business as usual (BAU) scenario as committed in the Paris Agreement on climate change. This contribution may increase to 25% if receiving international support;
  • Replicate highly effective models on REDD+ and sustainable forest management, integrate fully REDD+ into sustainable forestry development programmes;
  • Complete policies, laws and action framework of the REDD+ programme and access financial resources for results-based payments in accordance with international requirements.

Coordination and alignment of the National REDD+ Programme (NRAP)[1] with overall national forest protection and development efforts is ensured through a high-level State Steering Committee that brings together representatives from relevant government ministries, parliamentary committees including the Ethnic Council and the Committee for Science, Technology and the Environment, and other relevant stakeholders. The State Steering Committee is responsible for overall coordination and direction of both the National Target Programme for Sustainable Forest Development 2016-2020[2] and the NRAP.

Prior to approval, the NRAP and each Provincial REDD+ Action Plan (PRAP) relevant government ministries and agencies were consulted to ensure consistency with national forest strategies, programmes and plans, including the key programmes identified under Safeguard A.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development is responsible for organising consultations on the NRAP, seeking comments from relevant government ministries and agencies prior to approval.

The Ministry of Justice is responsible for review of the NRAP, ensuring consistency with national forest strategies, plans and programmes.

 

[1] NRAP 2017, Decision No 419/QD-TTg dated 5/4/2017

[2] National Target Programme for Sustainable Forest Development for the period 2016-2020


Provincial REDD+ Action Plans (PRAPs) provide a basis for consultation, planning, implementation and monitoring of REDD+ policies and measures within a particular province, and for mobilising and coordinating the utilisation of resources from different sources for these policies and measures, contributing to overall REDD+ and forest protection and development efforts in the country.

National guidelines[1] on the development of PRAPs require provinces to ensure that the PRAPs are consistent with the Forest Protection and Development Plan for the period 2011-2020. These guidelines set out the expected scope, stakeholders, contents, implementation arrangements, resourcing, and monitoring and evaluation of the PRAPs, including a standardised template.

PRAPs are developed based on analysis of direct and indirect drivers of deforestation and degradation as well as barriers to enhancing forest carbon reserves and identification of areas with the potential to implement REDD+ activities.  Provincial People’s Committees are responsible for appraisal and approval of the PRAPs, ensuring consistency with national forest strategies, plans and programmes. In addition, the PRAP guidelines note an expected contribution to mobilising resources for and implementing the National REDD+ Programme (NRAP)[2].

For PRAPs that were adopted during the development of the current NRAP (2017), it is anticipated that they will be progressively harmonised with the NRAP, integrating key contents relevant to the specific provincial context, needs and challenges.

As of October 2018, 19 of Viet Nam’s 63 provinces and centrally-administered cities have approved PRAPs.

Provincial REDD+ Action Plans (PRAPs) approved as of October 2018

 

Province

Date Approved

Current Phase

Bắc Kạn

6/2016

2015-2020

Bình Thuận

6/2016

2016-2020

Cà Mau

4/2016

2016-2020

Đăk Nông

1/2017

2016-2020

Điện Biên

8/2017

(revised version)

2013-2020

Hà Giang

7/2017

2017-2020

Hà Tĩnh  

6/2016

2016-2020

Hoà Bình

9/2017

2017-2020

Kon

um

8/2017

2017-2020

Lai Châu

9/2017

2017-2020

Lâm Đồng

1/2015

2015-2020

Lào Cai

6/2016

2016-2020

Nghệ An

6/2016

2016-2020

Phú Thọ

6/2017

2017-2020

Quảng Bình

4/2016

2016-2020

Quảng Ngãi

1/2018

2018-2020

Sơn La

8/2017

2017-2020

Thanh Hóa

December 2016

2016-2020

Thừa Thiên Huế

December 2016

2016-2020

 

 

[1] MARD Decision No. 5414/2015/QD-BNN-TCLN. Vietnamese: http://vietnam-redd.org/Upload/Download/File/5414_QĐ-BNN-TCLN_PRAP_guidelines_5755.pdf; English: http://vietnam-redd.org/Upload/CMS/Content/Library-GovernmentDocuments/Decision%205414.PRAPguidelines.EN.pdf

[2] NRAP 2017, Decision No 419/QD-TTg dated 5/4/2017


Viet Nam is a party to 17 international conventions and agreements that are relevant and applicable to the five REDD+ activities encompassed by the National REDD+ Programme and Provincial REDD+ Action Plans.

The relevant international conventions and agreements to which Viet Nam is a party are:

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 1992
  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity (The Biosafety Protocol), 2000
  • Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD), 1969
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), 1979
  • Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, 2005
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), 1973
  • Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, 2003
  • Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially Waterfowl Habitats (RAMSAR), 1971
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), 1966
  • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), 1966
  • UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, 1972
  • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), 1994
  • United Nations Convention against Corruption, 2005
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), 1992
  • Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC, 1997
  • United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), 2007

Viet Nam's Law on Conclusion, Accession and Implementation of International Treaties (2016)[1] states that international treaties take precedence over domestic legislation; in case of any inconsistency, international treaties apply.

Prior to approval the National REDD+ Programme (NRAP)[2] and each Provincial REDD+ Action Plan, relevant government ministries and agencies were consulted to ensure consistency with relevant international conventions and agreements. Consultation on Provincial REDD+ Action Plans also ensures that they are consistent with the Forest Protection and Development Plan for the period 2011-2020, and the NRAP, which have themselves were subject to consultation to ensure consistency with relevant international conventions and agreements.

The objectives of the 17 international conventions and agreements relevant to REDD+ to which Viet Nam is a party are as follows:

Instrument

Date

Objective

1. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

1992

Conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources.

2. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity (The Biosafety Protocol)

2000

To contribute to ensuring an adequate level of protection in the field of the safe transfer, handling and use of living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health, and specifically focusing on transboundary movements.

3. Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD)

1969

To eliminate acts or practice of racial discrimination against persons, groups of persons or institutions and to ensure that all public authorities and public institutions, national and local, act in conformity with this obligation.

4. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

1979

To ensure that States Parties condemn discrimination against women in all its forms and pursue by all appropriate means and without delay a policy of eliminating discrimination against women.

5. Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

2005

To protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions; to create the conditions for cultures to flourish and to freely interact in a mutually beneficial manner; to encourage dialogue among cultures with a view to ensuring wider and balanced cultural exchanges in the world in favour of intercultural respect and a culture of peace; to foster inter-culturality in order to develop cultural interaction in the spirit of building bridges among peoples; to promote respect for the diversity of cultural expressions and raise awareness of its value at the local, national and international levels; to reaffirm the importance of the link between culture and development for all countries, particularly for developing countries, and to support actions undertaken nationally and internationally to secure recognition of the true value of this link; to give recognition to the distinctive nature of cultural activities, goods and services as vehicles of identity, values and meaning; to reaffirm the sovereign rights of States to maintain, adopt and implement policies and measures that they deem appropriate for the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions on their territory; to strengthen international cooperation and solidarity in a spirit of partnership with a view, in particular, to enhancing the capacities of developing countries in order to protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions.

6. Convention on the Rights of the Child

1989

That State Parties respect and ensure the rights set forth in the present Convention to each child within their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child's or his or her parent's or legal guardian's race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status.

7. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

1973

Regulation of international trade in endangered species of wild fauna and flora.

8. Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage

2003

To safeguard the intangible cultural heritage; to ensure respect for the intangible cultural heritage of the communities, groups and individuals concerned; to raise awareness at the local, national and international levels of the importance of the intangible cultural heritage, and of ensuring mutual appreciation thereof; to provide for international cooperation and assistance.

9. Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially Waterfowl Habitats (RAMSAR)

1971

The conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world.

10. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

1966

To ensure that State Parties respect and ensure to all individuals within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction the civil and political rights recognised in the Covenant, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

11. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

1966

To ensure that each State Party to the Covenant undertakes to take steps, individually and through international assistance and co-operation, with a view to achieving progressively the full realisation of the economic, social and cultural rights recognised in the Covenant by all appropriate means, including particularly the adoption of legislative measures

12. UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage

1972

To ensure that effective and active measures are taken by State parties for the protection, conservation and presentation of the cultural and natural heritage situated on their territory.

13. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

1994

To combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought in countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa, through effective action at all levels, supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements, in the framework of an integrated approach which is consistent with Agenda 21, with a view to contributing to the achievement of sustainable development in affected areas.

14. United Nations Convention against Corruption

2005

To promote and strengthen measures to prevent and combat corruption more efficiently and effectively; to promote, facilitate and support international cooperation and technical assistance in the prevention of and fight against corruption, including in asset recovery; to promote integrity, accountability and proper management of public affairs and public property.

15. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

1992

To achieve, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention, stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.

16. Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC

1997

The Protocol shares the objective and institutions of the UNFCCC.

17. United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)

2007

The UNDRIP promotes the rights of indigenous peoples.

 

[1] Law No. 108/2016/QH13, promulgated by the National Assembly dated 9 April 2016, Article 6(1).

[2] NRAP 2017, Decision No 419/QD-TTg dated 5/4/2017