Safeguard A Detail

Content with Safeguard A A1 times .


  • To establish, manage, protect, develop and sustainably use 16.24 million ha of land planned for forestry, and to increase the percentage of forested land to 42-43% in 2010 and to 47% in 2020;
  • To ensure the wider participation of various economic sectors and social organisations in forestry development in order to increase their contribution to socio-economic development, protection of the ecological environment, conservation of biodiversity, provision of ecosystem services, reducing poverty and improving living standards for rural people in mountainous areas and contributing to national defence and security.

  • To properly protect existing forest areas; to effectively and sustainably use forest resources and planned forestry land;
  • To raise forest cover to 42-43% by 2015 and 44-45% by 2020; to increase forest yield, quality and value; to restructure the forestry sector toward raising its added value; to basically meet domestic and export demands for timber and forest products;
  • To generate more jobs and raise incomes for people whose lives depend on forestry, contributing to eradicating hunger, reducing poverty and maintaining security and defence.

  • To improve the productivity, quality and value of each type of forest, increasing the value of production forest per area unit; to contribute fulfilling the requirements for disaster mitigation, protection of the ecological environment, and responding to climate change and sea level rise; to create jobs, raise incomes, and support hunger eradication and poverty reduction, improving the livelihoods of people earning a living from forests in association with the process of building new rural areas, ensuring security, defence, order and social security.
  • To increase the value of forestry production from 5.5% to 6% per year, reach national forest cover of 42%, and increase the value of timber and forest exports to US$8-8.5 billion, maintaining 25 million jobs.

The overall goal of the National REDD+ Programme is to: Contribute to protecting and improving the quality of the existing natural forests, expanding the forest area and improving the quality of plantation forests; linking with the implementation of national goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, forest protection and development, green growth; mobilising international support, getting access to carbon markets; and improving people's lives and the country's sustainable development.

The National REDD+ Programme’s specific objectives are:

For the period 2017-2020:

  • Contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions through REDD+ activities; expand the forest cover to 42% and reach 14.4 million hectares of forest by 2020;
  • Meet the requirements of REDD+ readiness, ensuring there is capacity to access financial resources for results-based payments as per international requirements;
  • Improve the quality of natural forests and planted forests to increase carbon stock and environmental forest services; replicate effective models of forest plantation; sustainable management, protection and conservation of natural forests;
  • Contribute to improve forest governance, create jobs, improve the living conditions of the people associated with the New Rural Programme and ensure security and national defence.

For the period 2021-2030:

  • Stabilise the natural forest area by 2030 at least at the same level as 2020, and increase forest cover up to 45% of national territory, contributing to realise the national target of reducing total greenhouse gas emissions by 8% by 2030 compared with business as usual (BAU) scenario as committed in the Paris Agreement on climate change. This contribution may increase to 25% if receiving international support;
  • Replicate highly effective models on REDD+ and sustainable forest management, integrate fully REDD+ into sustainable forestry development programmes;
  • Complete policies, laws and action framework of the REDD+ programme and access financial resources for results-based payments in accordance with international requirements.

Coordination and alignment of the National REDD+ Programme (NRAP)[1] with overall national forest protection and development efforts is ensured through a high-level State Steering Committee that brings together representatives from relevant government ministries, parliamentary committees including the Ethnic Council and the Committee for Science, Technology and the Environment, and other relevant stakeholders. The State Steering Committee is responsible for overall coordination and direction of both the National Target Programme for Sustainable Forest Development 2016-2020[2] and the NRAP.

Prior to approval, the NRAP and each Provincial REDD+ Action Plan (PRAP) relevant government ministries and agencies were consulted to ensure consistency with national forest strategies, programmes and plans, including the key programmes identified under Safeguard A.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development is responsible for organising consultations on the NRAP, seeking comments from relevant government ministries and agencies prior to approval.

The Ministry of Justice is responsible for review of the NRAP, ensuring consistency with national forest strategies, plans and programmes.

 

[1] NRAP 2017, Decision No 419/QD-TTg dated 5/4/2017

[2] National Target Programme for Sustainable Forest Development for the period 2016-2020


Provincial REDD+ Action Plans (PRAPs) provide a basis for consultation, planning, implementation and monitoring of REDD+ policies and measures within a particular province, and for mobilising and coordinating the utilisation of resources from different sources for these policies and measures, contributing to overall REDD+ and forest protection and development efforts in the country.

National guidelines[1] on the development of PRAPs require provinces to ensure that the PRAPs are consistent with the Forest Protection and Development Plan for the period 2011-2020. These guidelines set out the expected scope, stakeholders, contents, implementation arrangements, resourcing, and monitoring and evaluation of the PRAPs, including a standardised template.

PRAPs are developed based on analysis of direct and indirect drivers of deforestation and degradation as well as barriers to enhancing forest carbon reserves and identification of areas with the potential to implement REDD+ activities.  Provincial People’s Committees are responsible for appraisal and approval of the PRAPs, ensuring consistency with national forest strategies, plans and programmes. In addition, the PRAP guidelines note an expected contribution to mobilising resources for and implementing the National REDD+ Programme (NRAP)[2].

For PRAPs that were adopted during the development of the current NRAP (2017), it is anticipated that they will be progressively harmonised with the NRAP, integrating key contents relevant to the specific provincial context, needs and challenges.

As of October 2018, 19 of Viet Nam’s 63 provinces and centrally-administered cities have approved PRAPs.

Provincial REDD+ Action Plans (PRAPs) approved as of October 2018

 

Province

Date Approved

Current Phase

Bắc Kạn

6/2016

2015-2020

Bình Thuận

6/2016

2016-2020

Cà Mau

4/2016

2016-2020

Đăk Nông

1/2017

2016-2020

Điện Biên

8/2017

(revised version)

2013-2020

Hà Giang

7/2017

2017-2020

Hà Tĩnh  

6/2016

2016-2020

Hoà Bình

9/2017

2017-2020

Kon

um

8/2017

2017-2020

Lai Châu

9/2017

2017-2020

Lâm Đồng

1/2015

2015-2020

Lào Cai

6/2016

2016-2020

Nghệ An

6/2016

2016-2020

Phú Thọ

6/2017

2017-2020

Quảng Bình

4/2016

2016-2020

Quảng Ngãi

1/2018

2018-2020

Sơn La

8/2017

2017-2020

Thanh Hóa

December 2016

2016-2020

Thừa Thiên Huế

December 2016

2016-2020

 

 

[1] MARD Decision No. 5414/2015/QD-BNN-TCLN. Vietnamese: http://vietnam-redd.org/Upload/Download/File/5414_QĐ-BNN-TCLN_PRAP_guidelines_5755.pdf; English: http://vietnam-redd.org/Upload/CMS/Content/Library-GovernmentDocuments/Decision%205414.PRAPguidelines.EN.pdf

[2] NRAP 2017, Decision No 419/QD-TTg dated 5/4/2017