Safeguard A Detail

Content with Safeguard A A2.1 times .


Viet Nam is a party to 17 international conventions and agreements that are relevant and applicable to the five REDD+ activities encompassed by the National REDD+ Programme and Provincial REDD+ Action Plans.

The relevant international conventions and agreements to which Viet Nam is a party are:

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 1992
  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity (The Biosafety Protocol), 2000
  • Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD), 1969
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), 1979
  • Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, 2005
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), 1973
  • Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, 2003
  • Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially Waterfowl Habitats (RAMSAR), 1971
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), 1966
  • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), 1966
  • UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, 1972
  • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), 1994
  • United Nations Convention against Corruption, 2005
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), 1992
  • Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC, 1997
  • United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), 2007

Viet Nam's Law on Conclusion, Accession and Implementation of International Treaties (2016)[1] states that international treaties take precedence over domestic legislation; in case of any inconsistency, international treaties apply.

Prior to approval the National REDD+ Programme (NRAP)[2] and each Provincial REDD+ Action Plan, relevant government ministries and agencies were consulted to ensure consistency with relevant international conventions and agreements. Consultation on Provincial REDD+ Action Plans also ensures that they are consistent with the Forest Protection and Development Plan for the period 2011-2020, and the NRAP, which have themselves were subject to consultation to ensure consistency with relevant international conventions and agreements.

The objectives of the 17 international conventions and agreements relevant to REDD+ to which Viet Nam is a party are as follows:

Instrument

Date

Objective

1. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

1992

Conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources.

2. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity (The Biosafety Protocol)

2000

To contribute to ensuring an adequate level of protection in the field of the safe transfer, handling and use of living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health, and specifically focusing on transboundary movements.

3. Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD)

1969

To eliminate acts or practice of racial discrimination against persons, groups of persons or institutions and to ensure that all public authorities and public institutions, national and local, act in conformity with this obligation.

4. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

1979

To ensure that States Parties condemn discrimination against women in all its forms and pursue by all appropriate means and without delay a policy of eliminating discrimination against women.

5. Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

2005

To protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions; to create the conditions for cultures to flourish and to freely interact in a mutually beneficial manner; to encourage dialogue among cultures with a view to ensuring wider and balanced cultural exchanges in the world in favour of intercultural respect and a culture of peace; to foster inter-culturality in order to develop cultural interaction in the spirit of building bridges among peoples; to promote respect for the diversity of cultural expressions and raise awareness of its value at the local, national and international levels; to reaffirm the importance of the link between culture and development for all countries, particularly for developing countries, and to support actions undertaken nationally and internationally to secure recognition of the true value of this link; to give recognition to the distinctive nature of cultural activities, goods and services as vehicles of identity, values and meaning; to reaffirm the sovereign rights of States to maintain, adopt and implement policies and measures that they deem appropriate for the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions on their territory; to strengthen international cooperation and solidarity in a spirit of partnership with a view, in particular, to enhancing the capacities of developing countries in order to protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions.

6. Convention on the Rights of the Child

1989

That State Parties respect and ensure the rights set forth in the present Convention to each child within their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child's or his or her parent's or legal guardian's race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status.

7. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

1973

Regulation of international trade in endangered species of wild fauna and flora.

8. Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage

2003

To safeguard the intangible cultural heritage; to ensure respect for the intangible cultural heritage of the communities, groups and individuals concerned; to raise awareness at the local, national and international levels of the importance of the intangible cultural heritage, and of ensuring mutual appreciation thereof; to provide for international cooperation and assistance.

9. Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially Waterfowl Habitats (RAMSAR)

1971

The conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world.

10. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

1966

To ensure that State Parties respect and ensure to all individuals within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction the civil and political rights recognised in the Covenant, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

11. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

1966

To ensure that each State Party to the Covenant undertakes to take steps, individually and through international assistance and co-operation, with a view to achieving progressively the full realisation of the economic, social and cultural rights recognised in the Covenant by all appropriate means, including particularly the adoption of legislative measures

12. UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage

1972

To ensure that effective and active measures are taken by State parties for the protection, conservation and presentation of the cultural and natural heritage situated on their territory.

13. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

1994

To combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought in countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa, through effective action at all levels, supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements, in the framework of an integrated approach which is consistent with Agenda 21, with a view to contributing to the achievement of sustainable development in affected areas.

14. United Nations Convention against Corruption

2005

To promote and strengthen measures to prevent and combat corruption more efficiently and effectively; to promote, facilitate and support international cooperation and technical assistance in the prevention of and fight against corruption, including in asset recovery; to promote integrity, accountability and proper management of public affairs and public property.

15. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

1992

To achieve, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention, stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.

16. Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC

1997

The Protocol shares the objective and institutions of the UNFCCC.

17. United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)

2007

The UNDRIP promotes the rights of indigenous peoples.

 

[1] Law No. 108/2016/QH13, promulgated by the National Assembly dated 9 April 2016, Article 6(1).

[2] NRAP 2017, Decision No 419/QD-TTg dated 5/4/2017